How To Use An Array Model For Multiplication Equations

An array model represents a multiplication equation as rows and columns of objects

An array model helps visualize a multiplication equation as a collection of objects organized in rows and columns. Array models are similar to area models; however, while array models represent objects organized in rows and columns, area models are always depicted as a grid or rectangle.

To use an array model for multiplication, follow these steps:

  1. Arrange objects in a column with the number of objects equal to the first number.
  2. Repeat this process in the amount equal to the second number.
  3. The total number of objects in the array represents the product of the two numbers.

For example, let's consider the multiplication equation 2 × 3:

  1. Arrange 2 objects in a column.
  2. Since the second number is 3, arrange two additional columns of 2 objects directly to the right of the first column.
  3. Count the number of units in the array to determine the product of 2 and 3 (6)

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