Equal Groups is a technique to simplify multiplication and division calculations by organizing numbers into sets of the same size.

Here's how to apply the Equal Groups technique for multiplicaion:

- The first number is the number of items in each set.
- The second number is the number of sets.
- Count the total number of items to determine the product.

Here's how to apply the Equal Groups technique for division:

- The first number is the total number of items in all the sets.
- The second number is the number of sets.
- Distribute the items so that there are an equal number of items in each set.
- The number of items in each set is the quotient.

For example, let's consider the multiplication equation 2 × 3:

- The first number is 2, which means that there are 2 items in each set.
- The second number is 3, which means that there are 3 sets.
- Count the total number of items in all the sets.